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Java is arguably the best overall programming languages, but there are problems
|Installing and Running Java Programs
Elliotte Rusty Harold, author of several good Java books,
described one of Java's main problems as "Java's insanely
complex, difficult and unintuitive installation" process for
Java programs. You won't find any disagreement with this.
And by and large there's no need for these problems.
Java has rapidly had three
different versions (1.0, 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, and 1.4) with important
changes in each version.
These changes have created problems
with incompatible versions. In Java's insane numbering scheme,
version 1.2 and later are called Java 2.
Java programs run faster than Visual Basic programs, but
are sometimes slower than C programs.
Java's speed has been improving with every new version,
and it is now close to C/C++. To put this in perspective,
the difference in speed is probably less than the hardware speed
improvement in one year.
|Lack of a few Features
||Java lacks a few features that some C++ programmers
find useful, for example, enums, macros, operator overloading,
generic types (templates), etc.
Some of these features are planned for future versions, and
some simply have to be rewritten in the Java style.
Many of the "features" of C++ that are not in Java
have been removed to make the language better
(eg, pointers and multiple inheritance).
||Because the portability of Java programs
allows users to move programs from one operating
system to another, users are no longer locked into
one system. This is a great threat to Microsoft's
monopoly, and therefore Microsoft is a big enemy
of Java. Although apparently not trying to openly kill Java,
Apple computer likewise shows little enthusiasm
as suggested by their poor support for Java.
It is, of course, good business strategy to create
large switching costs for your customers.
But it's not in the customer's interest.
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