Easy to Learn Java: Programming Articles, Examples and Tips

Start with Java in a few days with Java Lessons or Lectures

Home

Code Examples

Java Tools

More Java Tools!

Java Forum

All Java Tips

Books

Submit News
Search the site here...
Search...
 
Search the JavaFAQ.nu
1000 Java Tips ebook

1000 Java Tips - Click here for the high resolution copy!1000 Java Tips - Click here for the high resolution copy!

Java Screensaver, take it here

Free "1000 Java Tips" eBook is here! It is huge collection of big and small Java programming articles and tips. Please take your copy here.

Take your copy of free "Java Technology Screensaver"!.

Floating-point

JavaFAQ Home » Mathematics Go to all tips in Mathematics


Bookmark and Share

Floating-point numbers are like real numbers in mathematics, for example, 3.14159, -0.000001. Java has two kinds of floating-point numbers: float and double, both stored in IEEE-754 format. The default type when you write a floating-point literal is double.

Java floating-point types

type Size Range Precision
name bytes bits approximate in decimal digits
float 4 32 +/- 3.4 * 1038 6-7
double 8 64 +/- 1.8 * 10308 15

Limited precision

Because there are only a limited number of bits in each floating-point type, some numbers are inexact, just as the decimal system can not represent some numbers exactly, for example 1/3. The most troublesome of these is that 1/10 can not be represented exactly in binary.

Floating-point literals

There are two types of notation for floating-point numbers. Any of these numbers can be followed by "F" (or "f") to make it a float instead of the default double.

  • Standard (American) notation which is a series of digits for the integer part followed by a decimal point followed by a series of digits for the fraction part. Eg, 3.14159 is a double. A sign (+ or -) may precede the number.
  • Scientific notation which is a standard floating-point literal followed by the letter "E" (or "e") followed by an optionally signed exponent of 10 which is used as a multiplier (ie, how to shift the decimal point). Generally scientific notation is used only for very large or small numbers.
    Scientific Standard
    1.2345e5 123450.0
    1.2345e+5 123450.0
    1.2345e-5 0.000012345

Infinity and NaN

No exceptions are generated by floating-point operations. Instead of an interruption in execution, the result of an operation may be positive infinity, negative infinity, or NaN (not a number). Division by zero or overflow produce infinity. Subtracting two infinities produces a NaN. Use methods in the wrapper classes (Float or Double) to test for these values.

References


 Printer Friendly Page  Printer Friendly Page
 Send to a Friend  Send to a Friend

.. Bookmark and Share

Search here again if you need more info!
Custom Search



Home Code Examples Java Forum All Java Tips Books Submit News, Code... Search... Offshore Software Tech Doodling

RSS feed Java FAQ RSS feed Java FAQ News     

    RSS feed Java Forums RSS feed Java Forums

All logos and trademarks in this site are property of their respective owner. The comments are property of their posters, all the rest 1999-2006 by Java FAQs Daily Tips.

Interactive software released under GNU GPL, Code Credits, Privacy Policy