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Question: Why do I see JSP code in my browser, not HTML page which supposed to b

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Why do I see JSP code in my browser, not HTML page which supposed to be generated by Tomcat?

Question: Why do I see JSP code in my browser, not HTML page which supposed to be generated by Tomcat?

I thought that I found the reason when I noticed that it was caused by trim() on null value String. But today I get it again and see that I do not use any trim().

Is it a bug in Tomcat Server? I think it is very serious problem since it exposes the original code to every visitor and if code written bad it can cause serious security problem...

Answer: From my experience it is not caused by trim() function, although as it was right mentioned in the question, it happens in case if String has null value. Actually it happens due NullPointerException, which Tomcat should catch and throw error description into browser's window and log files if such were configured.

It simply does not occur and Tomcat instead of code execution, displays it as a message (looks like long line without line breaks and white spaces...). If people were writing code perfectly and always used try-catch this should never occur Smile.

So, for example instead of:

String myString = getItfromSomewhere().trim();

wrap this line into try-catch construction:

try {
    String myString = getItfromSomewhere().trim();
} catch (Exception e) {
    // we do nothing here, since it was no error, just check

The answer looks simple and basic, but it is not.

We used to get good helpful error descriptions from JVM and often do not think what and how we program. First write code without thinking a second even, then compile and if is an error and explanation there, fix it. But if an error there but no explanation, we got lost Sad

Moral of this tip - do not rely on compilers, JVM, Tomcat, your PC and especially PC of your wife:-)

Try to think about what you write, program flow. If you get strange errors like this, try to find simplest reason why it is occurred, do not blame your Tomcat server and try to look at a code which you have written latest minutes, when perfect code become buggy. Most of reasons are very simple and does not lay beyond your first Java course.

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